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International Cruises, Royal Caribbean International

ROYAL CARIBBEAN INTERNATIONAL

        Royal Caribbean International is an American cruise line which founded in 1968. It is the second largest cruise line in the world, operating 22 ships in the fleet including the largest passenger ships today (Oasis of the Seas and Allure of the Seas). Freedom Class, Voyager Class and Sovereign Class once also had the title of largest cruise ships at their debut. Originally named Royal Caribbean Cruise Line, the company changed its name after merging with Celebrity Cruises in 1997. It established Island Cruises in 2002, acquired Pullmantur Cruceros in 2006, and created Azamara Cruises and CDF Croisières de France in 2007.

        Royal Caribbean was an innovative company. All of its ships are new-built and were megaships in the world at their maiden times. The first "chop-and-stretch" lengthening operation in the cruise industry took place on Royal Caribbean's first ship, Song of Norway. The company also introduced Viking Crown Lounge at the highest deck of all ships, first rock-climbing walls at sea on Vision Class, first skating ranks at sea and Royal Promenade indoor street on Voyager Class, first FlowRider surfing area at sea on Freedom Class, and also first carousel, first aquatheatre at sea and inside-view balcony cabins on Oasis Class.

        Royal Caribbean operates many large resort ships that are suitable for families as well as all ages of passengers. They are full of new facilities and have plenty of exciting activities. The interior decoration is bright, lively and contemporary. Passengers can participate in a large variety of programmes from day to night without boredom. The ships sail on worldwide itineraries, from the popular Caribbean, Mediterranean, Northern Europe, Alaska, to exotic areas such as South America, the Middle East, Asia and Oceania.
 


Ship(s) in Operation

OASIS Class
(Project Genesis)

Ship

Oasis of the Seas

Allure of the Seas

Entered Service

2009 December 1st

2010 December 1st

Builder

STX Europe, Turku (Finland)

Original Cost

US$1500 million

Registry

Nassau, The Bahamas

Gross Tonnage

225282 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

361.9 x 47.0 x 9.1 (m), 1187.0 x 154.0 x 29.8 (ft)

Speed

22.6 knots

Passenger Decks

16

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

2706 (496, 254, 1956)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

5412 / 6318

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

41.63 / 35.66

Total Crew

2394, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.26 / 2.64

Navigation Officers

International

IMO Number, Call Sign

9383936, C6XS7

9383948, C6XS8

Sister Ships

/

History

2009- : Oasis of the Seas (Royal Caribbean International)

2010- : Allure of the Seas (Royal Caribbean International)

FREEDOM Class
(Ultra-Voyager Class)

Ship

Freedom of the Seas

Liberty of the Seas

Independence of the Seas

Entered Service

2006 June 4th

2007 May 19th

2008 May 2nd

Builder

Aker Yards, Turku (Finland)

Original Cost

US$590 million

Registry

Nassau, The Bahamas

Gross Tonnage

154407 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

338.8 x 38.6 x 8.8 (m), 1111.2 x 126.6 x 28.9 (ft)

Speed

21.6 knots

Passenger Decks

15

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

1817 (733, 242, 842)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

3634 / 4375

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

42.49 / 35.29

Total Crew

1360, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.67 / 3.22

Navigation Officers

International

IMO Number, Call Sign

9304033, C6UZ7

9330032, C6VQ8

9349681, C6WW4

Sister Ships

/

History

2006- : Freedom of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)

2007- : Liberty of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
2008- : Independence of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)

VOYAGER Class

Ship

Voyager of the Seas

Explorer of the Seas

Adventure of the Seas

Navigator of the Seas

Mariner of the Seas

Entered Service

1999 November 21st

2000 October 28th

2001 November 18th

2002 December 14th

2003 November 16th

Builder

Kvaerner Masa-Yards, Turku (Finland)

Original Cost

US$500 million

Registry

Nassau, The Bahamas

Gross Tonnage

137276 tons

137308 tons 137276 tons 138279 tons 138279 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

311.1 x 38.6 x 8.8 (m), 1020.4 x 126.6 x 28.9 (ft)

Speed

22 knots, 23.7 knots (maximum)

Passenger Decks

15

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

1557 (618, 232, 707)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

3114 / 3840 3114 / 3840 3114 / 3807 3114 / 3807 3114 / 3807

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

44.08 / 35.75

44.09 / 35.76

44.08 / 36.06

44.41 / 36.32

44.41 / 36.32

Total Crew

1176, International 1185, International 1185, International 1213, International 1185, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.65 / 3.27

2.63 / 3.24

2.63 / 3.21

2.57 / 3.14

2.63 / 3.21

Navigation Officers

International

IMO Number, Call Sign

9161716, C6SE5

9161728, C6SE4

9167227, C6SA3

9227508, C6FU4

9227510, C6FV9

Sister Ships

/

History

1999- : Voyager of the Seas (Royal Caribbean International)

 

2000- : Explorer of the Seas (Royal Caribbean International)

 

2001- : Adventure of the Seas (Royal Caribbean International)

 

2002- : Navigator of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)

2003- : Mariner of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)

RADIANCE Class

Ship

Radiance of the Seas

Brilliance of the Seas

Serenade of the Seas

Jewel of the Seas

Entered Service

2001 April 7th

2002 July 15th

2003 August 25th

2004 May 8th

Builder

Meyer Werft, Papenburg (Germany)

Original Cost

US$350 million

Registry

Nassau, The Bahamas

Gross Tonnage

90090 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

293.2 x 32.2 x 8.5 (m), 961.7 x 105.6 x 27.9 (ft)

Speed

24 knots, 25 knots (maximum)

Passenger Decks

12

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

1071 (246, 242, 583)

1055 (238, 239, 578)

1056 (238, 241, 577)

1056 (238, 241, 577)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2139 / 2531

2110 / 2502

2112 / 2501

2112 / 2501

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

42.12 / 35.59

42.70 / 36.01

42.66 / 36.02

42.66 / 36.02

Total Crew

869, International

848, International

891, International

859, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.46 / 2.91

2.49 / 2.95

2.37 / 2.81

2.46 / 2.91

Navigation Officers

International

IMO Number, Call Sign

9195195, C6SE7

9195200, C6SJ5

9228344, C6FV8

9228356, C6FW9

Sister Ships

/

History

2001- : Radiance of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

2002- : Brilliance of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

2003- : Serenade of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

2004- : Jewel of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

VISION Class

Ship

Grandeur of the Seas

Enchantment of the Seas

Rhapsody of the Seas

Vision of the Seas

Entered Service

1996 December 14th

1997 July 13th

1997 May 19th

1998 May 2th

Builder

Kvaerner Masa-Yards, Helsinki (Finland)

Chantiers de l'Atlantique, St. Nazaire (France)

Original Cost

US$300 million

US$275 million

Registry

Nassau, The Bahamas

Gross Tonnage

73817 tons

82910 tons 78491 tons 78340 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

278.9 x 32.2 x 7.8 (m),
914.9 x 105.6 x 25.6 (ft)

301.4 x 32.2 x 7.8 (m),
988.5 x 105.6 x 25.6 (ft)
278.9 x 32.2 x 7.7 (m),
914.9 x 105.6 x 25.3 (ft)
278.9 x 32.2 x 7.7 (m),
914.9 x 105.6 x 25.3 (ft)

Speed

22 knots

Passenger Decks

11

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

975 (399, 364, 212)

1126 (463, 415, 248)

999 (407, 363, 229)

999 (407, 363, 229)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

1950 / 2440

2252 / 2730

1998 / 2416

1998 / 2416

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

37.85 / 30.25

36.82 / 30.37

39.28 / 32.49

39.21 / 32.43

Total Crew

760, International

840, International

765, International

742, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.57 / 3.21

2.68 / 3.25

2.61 / 3.16

2.69 / 3.26

Navigation Officers

International

IMO Number, Call Sign

9102978, C6SE3

9111802, C6FZ7

9116864, C6UA2

9228356, C6SE8

Sister Ships

/

History

1996- : Grandeur of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

1997- : Enchantment of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

1997- : Rhapsody of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

1998- : Vision of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

VISION Class
SOVEREIGN Class

Ship

Legend of the Seas

Splendour of the Seas

Monarch of the Seas

Majesty of the Seas

Entered Service

1995 May 16th

1996 March 31st

1991 November 17th

1992 April 26th

Builder

Chantiers de l'Atlantique, St. Nazaire (France)

Chantiers de l'Atlantique, St. Nazaire (France)

Original Cost

US$325 million

US$300 million

Registry

Nassau, The Bahamas

Nassau, The Bahamas

Gross Tonnage

69130 tons

73937 tons 74077 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

264.3 x 32.0 x 7.7 (m), 866.8 x 105.0 x 25.3 (ft)

268.3 x 32.2 x 7.6 (m), 880.1 x 105.6 x 24.8 (ft)

Speed

24 knots

21 knots, 22 knots (maximum)

Passenger Decks

11

14

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

902 (327, 343, 232)

915 (328, 230, 357)

1195 (460, 672, 63)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

1804 / 2074

1830 / 2074

2390 / 2744

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

38.32 / 33.33

37.78 / 33.33

30.94 / 26.94

30.99 / 27.00

Total Crew

726, International

761, International

856, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.48 / 2.86

2.40 / 2.73

2.79 / 3.21

Navigation Officers

International

International

IMO Number, Call Sign

9070620, C6SL5

9070632, C6TZ9

8819500, C6FZ9

8819512, C6FZ8

Sister Ships

/

Sovereign (Pullmantur Cruceros)

History

1995- : Legend of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
 

1996- : Splendour of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)

1991-2013: Monarch of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
2013- : Monarch (Pullmantur Cruceros)
 

1992- : Majesty of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)

 

Future Ship(s)

QUANTUM Class
(Project Sunshine)

 

Ship

Quantum of the Seas

Anthem of the Seas

Entered Service

2014

2015

Builder

Meyer Werft, Papenburg (Germany)

Original Cost

?

Registry

Nassau, The Bahamas

Gross Tonnage

158000 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

?

Speed

?

Passenger Decks

?

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

2050

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy / Full Occupancy)

4100 / ?

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy / Full Occupancy)

38.54 / ?

Total Crew

?

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy / Full Occupancy)

?

Navigation Officers

International

IMO Number, Call Sign

9549463, ?

?, ?

Sister Ships

/

History

2014- : Quantum of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)

2015- : Anthem of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)

 

Former Ship(s)

 

Ship

Sovereign of the Seas

Empress of the Seas

Entered Service

1988 January 16th

1990 June 25th

Builder

Chantiers de l'Atlantique, St. Nazaire (France)

Chantiers de l'Atlantique, St. Nazaire (France)

Original Cost

US$183.5 million

US$170 million

Registry

Nassau, The Bahamas

Nassau, The Bahamas

Gross Tonnage

73192 tons

48563 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

268.3 x 32.2 x 7.6 (m), 880.1 x 105.6 x 24.8 (ft) 210.8 x 30.7 x 7.5 (m), 691.4 x 100.7 x 24.6 (ft)

Speed

21 knots, 22 knots (maximum)

19.5 knots

Passenger Decks

14

10

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

1162 (441, 659, 62)

801 (316, 416, 69)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2324 / 2733

1602 / 2020

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

31.49 / 26.78

30.31 / 24.04

Total Crew

825, International

685, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.81 / 3.49

2.34 / 2,95

Navigation Officers

International

European

IMO Number, Call Sign

8512281, C6TZ8

8716899, C6SE6

Sister Ships

Monarch of the Seas, Majesty of the Seas
(Royal Caribbean International)

/

History

1988-2008: Sovereign of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
2008- : Sovereign (Pullmantur Cruceros)

1990-1990: Future Seas (Admiral Cruises)
     [planned but never operated]

1990-2004: Nordic Empress (Royal Caribbean International)
2004-2008: Empress of the Seas
     (Royal Caribbean International)
2008- : Empress (Pullmantur Cruceros)

 

Ship

Viking Serenade

Song of America

Entered Service

1982 October 1982 December 5th

Builder

Dubigeon-Normandie S.A., Nantes (France) Wärtsilä Shipyard, Helsinki (Finland)

Original Cost

US$100 million US$140 million

Registry

Monrovia, Liberia

Oslo, Norway

Gross Tonnage

40132 tons

37854 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

185.3 x 27.0 x 6.8 (m), 607.8 x 88.6 x 22.3 (ft) 214.9 x 28.4 x 6.8 (m), 704.9 x 93.2 x 22.3 (ft)

Speed

20 knots 16 knots, 20 knots (maximum)

Passenger Decks

10 11

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

757 (279, 473, 5) 707 (300, 407, 0)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

1514 / 1840 1414 / 1580

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

26.51 / 21.81 26.77 / 23.96

Total Crew

607, International 500, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.49 / 3.03 2.83 / 3.16

Navigation Officers

European Norwegian

IMO Number, Call Sign

8002597, ELTG6

7927984, LENA

Sister Ships

/

/

History

1982-1983: Scandinavia (Scandinavian World Cruises)
1983-1985: Scandinavia (DFDS Seaways)
1985-1987: Stardancer (Sundance Cruises)
1987-1988: Stardancer (Admiral Cruises)
1988-1990: Stardancer (Royal Admiral Cruises)
1990-2002: Viking Serenade
     (Royal Caribbean International)
2002-2009: Island Escape (Island Cruises)
2009- : Island Escape (Thomson Cruises)

1982-1999: Song of America (Royal Caribbean Cruise Line)
1999-2005: Sunbird (Airtours Sun Cruises)
2005-2013: Thomson Destiny (Thomson Cruises)
2012- : Louis Olympia (Louis Cruises)

 

Ship

Song of Norway

Nordic Prince

Sun Viking

Entered Service

1970 November 7th

1971 July 31st

1972 December

Builder

Wärtsilä Shipyard, Helsinki (Finland)

Original Cost

US$13.5 million

Registry

Oslo, Norway

Gross Tonnage

23005 tons

23200 tons

18559 tons

Length x Beam x Draft

194.3 x 24.0 x 6.7 (m),
637.3 x 78.7 x 22.0 (ft)

194.3 x 24.0 x 6.7 (m),
637.3 x 78.7 x 22.0 (ft)

171.0 x 24.0 x 6.6 (m),
560.1 x 78.7 x 21.6 (ft)

Speed

21 knots

Passenger Decks

8

8

8

Number of Cabins
(Inside/Oceanview/Balcony)

535 (185, 350, 0)

535 (188, 347, 0)

380 (118, 262, 0)

Passengers
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

1070 / 1140

1070 / 1170

760 / 800

Passenger Space Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

21.50 / 20.18

21.68 / 19.83

24.42 / 23.20

Total Crew

400, International

425, International

320, International

Crew to Passenger Ratio
(Standard Occupancy /
Full Occupancy)

2.68 / 2.85

2.52 / 2.75

2.38 / 2.50

Navigation Officers

Norwegian

IMO Number, Call Sign

7005190, LNVP

7027411, LAPJ

7125861, LIZA

Sister Ships

/

History

1970-1997: Song of Norway (Royal Caribbean Cruise Line)
1997-2004: Sundream (Airtours Sun Cruises)
2004-2004: Dream Princess (Louis Cruise Lines) [planned but never operated]
2004-2005: [laid up]
2005-2006: Dream Princess (Caspi Cruises)
2006-2006: Dream (Caspi Cruises)
2006-2007: Dream (Gulf Dream Cruises)
2007-2008: Clipper Pearl (Clipper Group)
2008-2008: Clipper Pacific (Peace Boat)
2008-2009: [laid up]
2009-2009: Festival (Caspi Cruises)
2009-2010: Ocean Pearl (Quail Cruises)
2010-2012: Ocean Pearl (Happy Cruises)
2012- : Formosa Queen (gambling ship)

1971-1995: Nordic Prince (Royal Caribbean Cruise Line)
1995-2005: Carousel (Airtours Sun Cruises)
2005-2006: Aquamarine (Louis Cruise Lines)
2006-2008: Arielle (Transocean Tours)
2008-2010: Aquamarine (Louis Cruise Lines)
2010- : Ocean Star Pacific (Corporacion De Cruceros Nacionales)

1972-1998: Sun Viking (Royal Caribbean Cruise Line)
1998-1998: SuperStar Sagittarius (Star Cruises)
1998-2002: Hyundai Pongnae (Hyundai Merchant Marine)
2002-2002: Pongnae (gambling ship)
2002-2003: [laid up]
2003-2005: Omar III (Asia Cruises)
2005-2007: Omar III (gambling ship)
2007-2011: Long Jie (gambling ship)
2011- : Oriental Dragon (gambling ship)

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